Cognitive Dissonance

Monish Subherwal

1.  “Cognitive dissonance is the discomfort experienced when simultaneously holding two or more conflicting cognitions: ideas, beliefs, values or emotional reactions. In a state of dissonance, people may sometimes feel “disequilibrium”: frustration, hunger, dread, guilt, anger, embarrassment, anxiety, etc.” – Wikipedia 2.  (My expansion) Cognitive dissonance also happens when people engage in behavior that conflicts with one’s beliefs. For example, when …

Cognitive reappraisal

Monish Subherwal

When something makes us feel bad, we might try to re-tell the story to ourselves in a way that isn’t quite so painful.